Spectrophotometric Determination of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural in Honey Samples from Al-Marj City in Libya Using White Method


  • Amani Abdugadar 1Chemistry Department, University of Benghazi, College of Arts and Sciences Al-Marj, Al-Marj, Libya.




Honey, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), spectroscopic determination, White method.


5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) content was determined as a parameter for honey quality for three Sidr honey samples from Al-Marj city in Libya. In this study, the spectrophotometric quantification of HMF in honey was performed using White method which is one of the most accurate and recommended official methods. The honey samples were obtained from three different farms that distribute honey to most of the retail centers across the city. The aim of this study was to determine HMF concentration in samples from this geographical region to provide some data for future studies. HMF can be considered one of the most important parameters for honey testing and its concentration can predict if heat was used in any stage of honey production. All samples showed normal HMF concentrations indicating good honey quality, good storage conditions, and no possible adulteration nor heating. The preparation of a full report for the honey quality in this region is recommended.


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How to Cite

Abdugadar, A. (2024). Spectrophotometric Determination of 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural in Honey Samples from Al-Marj City in Libya Using White Method. Scientific Journal for Faculty of Science-Sirte University, 4(1), 75–79. https://doi.org/10.37375/sjfssu.v4i1.2572