A Survey Study of the Characteristic, Causes, and Symptoms of Anemia Among Pregnant Women and Its Effects on Women and Fetus
Pregnancy is a physiological condition characterized by a high demand for energy and an increased need for oxygen. This demand escalates as pregnancy progresses to meet the requirements of both the mother and the fetus. Anemia, on the other hand, results from an imbalance in red blood cells is often caused by iron deficiency. When iron levels are low, it leads to a decrease in hemoglobin, which, in turn, impairs the body's ability to provide the necessary oxygen for its vital processes. The study involved 96 pregnant women who were surveyed using a questionnaire. Among them, 74 exhibited signs and symptoms of anemia, while 22 were included in the control group. Additionally, through the calculation of proportions, we analyzed the symptoms that later manifested in both the mothers and the fetuses. It discovered that the anemia was most prevalent in the age group of 36 to 45. The results of the research sample indicated that miscarriages and stillbirths occurred, although in relatively low numbers. The most prominent symptoms reported by pregnant women with anemia were headaches and dizziness, while the affected fetuses exhibited jaundice and low blood pressure. In brief, anemia is a condition that can affect pregnant women of all ages and is often caused by a lack of access to health information and an inadequate diet for their stage of pregnancy.
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