Perfume Compositions Containing Natural Resins: Frankincense, Benzoin, and Mastic


  • Fathia A. Mosa Department of Chemistry, Sirte University, Sirte, Libya
  • Mabroka Etbika Department of Chemistry, Sirte University, Sirte, Libya
  • Elham E. Alshaafy Department of Chemistry, Sirte University, Sirte, Libya


Perfumery, frankincense, benzoin, mastic, natural resins, ethanol


The objective of this study was to formulate perfume with natural resins that include frankincense, benzoin, and mastic.  In this study, the perfume was formulated using the following ingredients: 2% of each resin; 5% of perfume oil (from Delta aromatic); 4% of glycerin as a humectant; 2% of sodium salicylate as a preservative; and ethanol in distilled water as ingredient’s carriers. The fragrant scent is owing to the 11 % of aromatic ingredients in an alcoholic solution. Both benzoin and frankincense are used as scents and fixatives, which can prevent the more volatile fragrance ingredients from evaporating too rapidly. Ten blended experiments of formulated perfume were undergone to evaluate by a sample of people who were selected randomly from Sirte University to choose the best-blended experiment scent among the ten experiments. Therefore, homogeneity, pleasing aroma, strength, and stability were evaluated as quality parameters of this perfumed formulation. However, a number of different approaches for enhanced perfume solubility by using different solvent ratios of ethanol in water have been proposed and applied to deliver the maximum flavors of using resins.

This study will help to reduce chemical content in perfumery manufacturing by using natural sources that have amazing ascent. All the natural resins that are used in this research are purchased from local sources.


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