Concentration of Lead, Cadmium, Zinc and Iron in maternal blood and umbilical cord in Zeliten city, Libya


  • Adel. M. Mlitan Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Misurata University, Libya
  • Hanan. S. Derra Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Misurata University, Libya
  • Wafa. R. Griba Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Misurata University, Libya
  • Najla. M. Worayet Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Misurata University, Libya


heavy metals, maternal blood, umbilical cord


The present study was carried out to determine the lead, cadmium, zinc and iron concentration in maternal and umbilical cord blood. Samples were collected from Zeliten delivery hospital in the period from February to April 2018.  A total of 70 pregnant women participated in this study, We compared the concentration of Lead, Cadmium, Zinc and Iron in maternal blood and umbilical cord. There is significant difference in maternal blood concentration of  iron compared with umbilical cord blood iron concentration (P value 0.047), while there is no significant difference found in concentration of other studied metals (Zn, Fe, Cd).


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