Analysis of Errors Committed by Libyan Learners of English Language: A Case Study of Libyan Students at Misurata University

  • افطيمة بشير محمد الدنفور Misurata University- Faculty of Education English Department- prepared by Eftima .B. Eldanfour.
الكلمات المفتاحية: analysis،, morphology،, errors


The current study focused on investigating the most frequent morphological, syntactical and spelling errors committed by 41 Libyan learners of the English language department in the Faculty of Education at Misurata University. The study also aimed to identify the leading causes of these errors. For data collection, the researcher selected final examinations writing papers that learners had in the fall semester 2018.  The selected samples were 20 papers of writing I exam and 21 papers of writing II exam. The participants` writings were analyzed using Ellis 1974 (Methodology for Error Analysis). The findings indicated that learners committed 602 morphological, syntactical, spelling errors, which belonged to omission, addition, and misinformation. It is also found that the most frequent type of errors that learners repeatedly committed was omission. The study concluded that omission errors may occur because learners frequently transfer their linguistic knowledge of Arabic to construct English sentences. Most spelling mistakes refer to learners` poor knowledge of English spelling rules.


Alasfour, A. (201n8). Grammatical Errors by Arabic ESL Students: an Investigation of L1 Transfer through Error Analysis. Unpublished Master thesis. Portland State University. Portland.
Allen, M. B. & William O. L. (2003). Language and cognitive processes Morphological analysis in sentence processing. Mendip Communications Ltd, 18. (4). 405–430.
Anggita, C. (2017). Morphological and Syntactic Errors in Cooking English Book Draft.: Unpublished Master Thesis. Sanata Dharma University. Yogyakarta.
Byrd, D. & Mintz, T.H. (2010). Discovering speech, words and mind. Wiley. BlackWell Publication.
Carstair, A. & Carthy, M. (2002). An Introduction to English Morphology: Words and Their structure. Edbinburgh University Press.
Elmejie , Eman & Msimeer Amal(2021 ). An Analysis of Article Errors Made by EFL Libyan Students at the Department of English in the Faculty of Arts, Scientific Journal of Faculty of Education, Misurata University-Libya, 1, (17) 314-337.
Gayo, H. & Pratomo,W. (2018). An Analysis of Morphological and Syntactical Errors on the English Writing of Junior High School Indonesian Students International. Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research. 17 (4). 58-70.
Jakarta, A. & Tengah, J. S. (2013). Morphological and Syntactical Errors Towards Student`s English Narrative Composition at Grade XI. WANASTRA. L. IV. (1) 62-69.
Jiang, W. (2009). Acquisition of word order in Chinese as a foreign language. Moutonde Gryter .Berlin -Newyork.
Katamba, F. (2005) English Words: Structure, History, Usage. Routledge. London and New York.

Kim, J. B.& Sells, P. (2008). An introduction to English syntax. Center for Study of Language and Information.
Lastres, L. C. (2017). Errors in L1 and L2 University Students’ Writing in English: Grammar, Spelling and Punctuation. RAEL: Revista Electrónica de Lingüística Aplicada. 5. (16)118-134
Ming, Y. X. & Xu, H. (2001). Eerrors of Creativity , Analysis of Lexical errors Committed by Chinese ESL Students. University Press America. Inc. New York.
Ramadan, S. (2015). Morphological Errors Made by Jordanian University Students.Journal of Literature, Languages and Linguistics. 14. (25). 2422-8435.
Sarinah, (2018) Morphological Errors in English Essays: A Descriptive Study at the Fifth Semester Students of English Department. Muhammadiyah University of Makassar. Unpublished Master Thesis. University of Makassar. Makassar.
Suleman, M. , Altayib, O. A. & Gul Sher, M. (2018). Analysis of Syntactic Errors in English Writing, Journal of Education and Practice. l9. (11).2222-1735.
Trias,S, P. ( 2010). Complex Word Formation and the Morphology Syntax Interface. University Autonoma de Barcelona.
Tizazu,Y.(2014). A Linguistic Analysis of Errors in Learners Compositions: The case of Arab Minch University Students. European Centre for Research Training and Development. UK. 2. (2). 69-101.
Yakub, F. & Hossain, F.(2018). Morphological Error Analysis of English Written Texts Produced by the Tertiary Level Students of Bangladesh. Research Journal of English Language and Literature. RJELA. 6. (4). 2395-2636.